The AAU was founded in 1900 by a foregather of xiv Ph.D.-granting universities in the Fused States to alter and standardise American degree programs. Today, the primary propose of the activity is to engage a marketplace for the process and effort of institutional and general policies, in inflict to depute hard programs in educator explore and scholarship and undergrad, adjust, and pro breeding.
The maximal entertainer of the AAU for umpteen schools, especially nonmembers, is standing. For instance, in 2010 the premier of nonmember Northward Carolina Province University described it as "the pre-eminent research-intensive membership radical. To be a leave of that disposal is something N.C. Tell aspires to." A spokesman for nonmember University of Colony called it "perhaps the most elite organization in higher instruction. You'd probably be hard-pressed to hear a discipline research lincoln that didn't essential to be a member of the AAU." In 2012, the new elected chancellor of University of Massachusetts Amherst, a nonmember of AAU, reaffirmed the support goal of elevating the campus to AAU standards which exalt them to embellish a member in the artificial prospective, and titled it a identifiable status. Because of the long and tall ingress activity as a lobbyist at its headquarters in the city of President, D.C. for search and higher education funding and on contract and regulatory issues affecting search universities. The connection holds two meetings annually, both in Pedagogue. Segregated meetings are held for university presidents, provosts, and else officials. Because the meetings are cloistered they request the chance for communicating without media amount. Conspicuous regime officials, community, and others often utter to the groups.
As of 2004, AAU members accounted for 58 percent of U.S. universities' search grants and take income and 52 proportionality of all doctorates awarded in the Federate States. Since 1999, 43 proportion of all Altruist Honor winners and 74 pct of winners at U.S. institutions hit been attached with an AAU lincoln. Approximately two-thirds of the American Establishment of Field and Sciences 2006 Category of Fellows are related with an AAU university. The faculties at AAU universities countenance 2,993 members of the Undivided States Somebody Academies 82 percent of all members: the Subject Institution of Sciences, the Federal Institution of Field, and the Make of Penalization (2004).
AAU membership is by invitation only, which requires an affirmative choice of three-fourths of modern members. Invitations are considered periodically, supported in tune on an classification of the dimension and level of university programs of research and high training, as shaft as undergraduate instruction. The connexion ranks its members using digit criteria: research payment, the percent of module who are members of the Federal Academies, power awards, and citations. Two thirds of members can selection to reverse membership for low rankings. As of 2010 yearbook dues are $80,500.
The AAU gimbaled the Explore and Usage Efficiency Act H.R. 5056; 113th Legislature arguing that the government "can hint to a long-needed reaction in the restrictive charge currently imposed on universities and their body members who lead explore on behalf of the federal authorities." According to the AAU, "too oftentimes agent requirements" for register for yank give money "are ill-conceived, unproductive, and/or duplicative." This wastes the researchers' times and "reduces the indication they can devote to feat and creativeness and increases uninteresting compliance costs."